Macular Degeneration Specialist

Macular Degeneration Q & A

What is macular degeneration?

Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease that causes problems with the retina. The disorder can lead to central vision loss, where you can’t see fine details but your peripheral vision is normal.

Wet macular degeneration is associated with abnormal blood vessels that leak fluid or blood in the macula of your retina. Dry macular degeneration occurs when cells in the macula break down over time. About 80% of people with macular degeneration have the dry form.

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

The following signs and symptoms may indicate macular degeneration:

  • Straight lines appear crooked
  • Diminished central vision in one or both eyes
  • Problems recognizing faces
  • Increased blurriness
  • Color distortion
  • Problems adapting to dimly lit areas

If you experience any of these symptoms, see Dr. Reddy for an evaluation to detect and treat macular degeneration before vision loss occurs.

What are the risk factors for macular degeneration?

Though macular degeneration can happen to anybody, certain factors increase your risk of developing it. Examples include:

  • Smoking
  • Family history of macular degeneration
  • Being overweight
  • Eating an unhealthy diet high in animal fats
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Being older than age 50

Having heart disease also increases your risk of developing macular degeneration.

How is macular degeneration diagnosed?

To diagnose macular degeneration, Dr. Reddy and her team review your family history, medical history, and symptoms.

They complete a comprehensive dilated eye exam to view the back part of your eyes and test for defects in central vision. They might also use special imaging tests to get a better view of your retina and look for signs of deterioration.

What is the treatment for macular degeneration?

Your personalized macular degeneration treatment plan is based on the type and severity of your condition. Dr. Reddy might recommend:

Lifestyle changes

You can take steps to delay the progression of macular degeneration by eating a healthy diet, not smoking, and taking certain dietary supplements.


Undergoing low vision rehabilitation with an occupational or rehabilitation specialist helps you learn how to adapt to vision changes that accompany macular degeneration.

Eye surgery

If you have advanced macular degeneration, Dr. Reddy might recommend surgery to implant a special lens in one of your eyes to enhance and magnify vision.

Don’t let macular degeneration progress to severe vision loss when simple treatment options are available at Athena Eye Institute. Schedule an appointment over the phone or online at the first sign of vision changes.